Melasma is a common skin condition. It creates brown, grey and tan patches on different parts of the face especially on the checks, forehead and chin. Generally female suffers in this skin condition more than male. This is why they want to know how to clear melasma from the inside.
Usually, daily sun exposure is the main reason of melasma but there are many other reasons such as pregnancy and hormonal treatment. Pregnant women are the worst sufferer of it because of hormonal imbalance. However, it is not harmful but it can create depression and distress among people of different age (especially 20-50). Before knowing how to clear melasma from the inside we have to know types, symptoms and causes of it.
Types of Melasma:
Three types of melasma are most common in people, such as:
a) Epidermal which occurs on the upper layer of the skin.
b) Dermal which occurs on the deeper level of the skin.
c) Mixed type and it is a combination of epidermal and dermal.
Symptoms of melasma:
Dark, irregular, large patches on various parts of the face especially on the check, lip, upper lip, chin, and forehead are the most common symptoms of melasma. Melasma is simply a big, dark pigmentation. It does not bear any harmful effects rather than skin discoloration. Pre-menopausal women are also the sufferer of this skin condition.
Causes of melasma:
- Sun exposure: Excessive sun exposure is one of the main reasons of melasma. People who work outside rather than inside are the worst sufferer of this skin condition.
- Genetics: It is another reason of this skin condition. Because genetics play an important role in how much melanin you bear in your skin. If anyone of your family has melasma, you too can be the sufferer of it.
- Pregnancy: During third trimester of pregnancy melasma is the most common in women. It is also called the mask of pregnancy or chloasma.
Apart these there are many other reasons of melasma such as stress, medications, thyroid disorder, poor liver health etc.
9 Tips on how to clear melasma from the inside:
If melasma occurs due to pregnancy, it will fade away after delivery. But if it occurs genetically, it can come repeatedly. Though there are not the permanent therapy of melasma but we can control it by taking some home remedies and medications.
Home remedies on how to treat melasma internally:
1. Use sunscreen daily:
As we know that in maximum cases melasma occurs due to exposure of sun, so it is compulsory to use sunscreen before going outside, even if it is cloudy.
2. Use castor oil:
Apply castor oil directly on the patches before sleep as it contains linoleic acid. This oil is also rich in vitamin E, which helps to reduce melasma.
3. Use apple cider vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar is used for various beauty purposes. It is rich in acetic acid which acts as natural bleaching powder. Pour equal amount of apple cider vinegar and water in a bowl and then mix it thoroughly. And then apply the mixture directly on the patches. After 10-15 minutes rinse it off with lukewarm water. Try to use this mixture daily on your skin and after 2 week you will see the best result.
4. Use full sleeve cloth:
Try to wear full sleeve clothes before going outside to increase sun protection. You can also add wide-brimmed hat, baseball cap, and layered cloth to your wardrobe.
5. Use lemon juice:
Lemon juice is familiar for its bleaching quality and works on how to clear melasma from the inside. Squeeze a lemon juice in a ball and then apply it on the patches with the help of a cotton ball. Then wash it off after some time. one have to be careful before applying lemon juice as it contains citric acid and do a patch test before applying this on your skin.
6. Avoid waxing to clear melasma from inside:
Many women love to do waxing for body hair removal. But waxing have adverse effects on melasma. So try to avoid waxing to control melasma.
7. Healthy diet:
There are some foods which help to reduce melasma such as; cabbage, avocados, green tea, garlic, spinach, tomatoes , lemon, nuts, berries, leafy greens, fish etc and drink a lot of water.
Exercise helps to control hormonal imbalance. Try to do exercise regularly to cure melasma from the inside.
There are some medicinal products which has beneficiary effects. Name of some medications are given below to control melasma:
- Lactic acid lotions
- Glycolic acid creams
- Kojic acid
- Azelaic acid
- Retinoic acid
- Grape seed extract
Note : Before using these chemicals one needs to be careful and consult with a doctor.